Glossary with definitions of Print Terms
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| Printing Glossary A-D |

 
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| A-B | C-D | E-F | G-H | I-J | K-L | M-N | O-P | Q-R | S-T | U-V | W-X | Y-Z |


4/0
 

4/0 is a trade designation for a printed piece with four colors (full color) printing on the front side and no printing on the back side.

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4/1
 

4/1 is a trade designation for a printed piece with four colors (full color) printing on the front side and one color printing on the back side.

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4/4
 

4/4 is a trade designation for a printed piece with four colors (full color) on the front side and four colors (full color) printing on the back side.

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Against the Grain
 

Against the grain is at right angles to the direction of the grain of the paper. When a piece is printed against the grain it can make the paper feel thicker.

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Aqueous Coating
 

Aqueous coating or AQ for short is a clear, non-toxic coating that is applied like ink by a printing press to protect and enhance the printed surface. Aqueous Coating adds brilliance and durability to PsPrint products such as postcards, premium flyers, booklets, and catalogs.

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Backside
 

Backside is the side that is opposite the front. For postcards, the backside is not coated with aqueous coating.

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Bind
 

Bind means the joining of paper sheets together to form a book or booklet with staples, wire, glue or other means. PsPrint offers two standard binding methods for booklets: saddle-stitched (stapled) and wire-o.

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Binding
 

Binding is the process that starts after PsPrint has laid ink on paper. This process includes cutting, trimming, folding, collating, stitching, pasting, and inserting.

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Blanket
 

In offset printing, blanket is a rubber-surfaced fabric that is clamped around a cylinder. The image is transferred from the plate to the blanket, and from there, transferred to the paper.

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Blind Image
 

Blind image is an image that is debossed or embossed, but not printed with ink or foil.

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Bond Paper
 

Bond paper is a grade of writing or printing paper where strength, durability and performance are essential requirements. Bond paper is used for letterhead.

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Book Paper
 

Book paper is a general term for coated and uncoated paper.

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Brightness
 

In paper, brightness is the reflectance or brilliance of the paper.

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C
 

C is short for cyan in the four-color printing process.

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C1S and C2S
 

C1S is short for coated one side; C2S is short for coated two sides.

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Cast Coated Paper
 

Cast coated paper refers to paper dried under pressure against a heated, polished cylinder to produce a high-gloss enamel finish.

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Chalking
 

Chalking refers to improper drying of ink. Pigments dust off because ink has been absorbed too rapidly into the paper.

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CIP4
 

CIP4 is the International Cooperation for the Integration of Processes in Prepress, Press, and Postpress (CIP4) Organization; a not-for-profit association responsible for JDF.

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CMYK
 

CMYK is short for cyan, magenta, yellow, and key (black). CMYK is the standard color model used in four-color printing process used by PsPrint.

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Coated Paper
 

Coated paper has a coating of clay or other substances that improves reflectivity and ink holdout. PsPrint uses two coating, UV coating and aqueous coating, to improve the quality of your printed pieces.

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Color Bar
 

A color bar is the color strip on proofs that is used as a guide for the printer to determine the amount and density of ink needed. A color bar is a standard used to compare color accuracy of an image for output; color bars are printed on proofs and forms to maintain color consistency.

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Color Cast
 

Color cast is the unwanted discoloration of an entire image or portion of an image caused by an overabundance of one color.

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Color Correction
 

Color correction refers to adjusting an image to improve overall output color.

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Color Separations
 

Color separations are the four-color negatives or positives which are the result of changing full color artwork into the four process colors (yellow, magenta, cyan, and black) by the use of filters. Color separation is done for offset printing jobs so that each color layer can be printed separately - one layer on top of the next layer - to give the final printed piece a consistent, full color look.

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Color Sequence
 

Color sequence is the order in which the four-color process inks are printed on the press.

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Colorimeter
 

Colorimeter is an instrument for measuring color the way the eye sees it.

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Comb Bind
 

Comb bind refers to a method of binding a booklet by inserting the teeth of a flexible plastic comb through holes punched along the edge of a stack of paper.

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Computer-to-Plate (CTP)
 

Computer-to-Plate or CTP describes a system in which the use of desktop publishing software, electronic prepress workstations, and platesetters allows the imaging of metal plates for any format of press without the use of film, stripping or traditional platemaking. This process results in lower costs while shortening the amount of time needed to get a job on the press.

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Coverage
 

Coverage is the amount of ink on a paper sheet, usually given in percentages.

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Creep
 

Creep is the shifting position of the page in a saddle-stitched bind. Creep moves the inside pages away from the spine.

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CTP
 

CTP is short for Computer-to-Plate.

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Cure
 

Cure is the process to dry inks or other coatings after printing to ensure good adhesion and prevent set-off.

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Cyan
 

Cyan is one of the subtractive primary colors used by PsPrint in process printing. It is commonly known as "process blue."

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Deboss
 

Deboss means to press an image into paper so it lies below the surface.

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Die
 

Die is a device made out of sharp steel that is used to cut, score, stamp, emboss, or deboss irregular shapes.

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Diecutting
 

Diecutting is a process by which a die made out of sharp steel is used to cut irregular shapes in printed sheets. Diecutting is done on either flatbed or rotary presses.

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Direct Imaging
 

Direct imaging is a process where digital image files are converted into CMYK bitmaps (ripped) and burned directly into the plates by a laser, eliminating the costly and environmentally questionable film step.

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Direct Imaging Press (DI)
 

A direct imaging press or DI for short is an offset press on which plates are imaged while on press directly from files prepared on a dedicated electronic prepress workstation. PsPrint uses DI presses to print certain products, including economy flyers, stickers, door hangers, letterhead, memopads, and envelopes.

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Direct-to-Plate
 

Direct-to-Plate is the printing process used by PsPrint that transfers information from a client's file directly to the plate, producing high-quality printed pieces. This printing process does not require the use of film.

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Dot
 

Dot is the basic halftone printing unit. A series of dots are combined to create a printed image.

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Dot Pattern
 

Dot pattern is a series of dots that make up a printed image.

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Dots Per Inch (DPI)
 

Dots per inch or DPI for short is a measurement of resolution of a printed image as determined by the number of dots that fit into one inch. The higher the concentration of dots per inch, the sharper the image will be.

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DPI
 

Abbreviation for dots per inch.

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Duotone
 

Duotone is a halftone that prints in two colors to create greater visual interest or more subtle detail and gray tones.

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Duplexing
 

Duplexing is the ability of a press or digital copier to print on both sides of a sheet without having to manually turn the sheet over.

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